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Cardiovascular consultation is a very important aspect of medical treatment.  It is an opportunity for patients to discuss their cardiac problems, current complaints, understand the risks and complications, and to adopt healthy lifestyle habits. It also helps in better understanding the treatment methods and procedures. It is normally requested by a primary care physician or another specialist to provide subject matter knowledge in potential cardiac problem.

Patent Foreamen Ovale is a small opening in a wall separating upper chambers of the heart. It is closed at birth for majority of people. However when it remains open it creates a risk for blood clots to move to the brain and cause strokes. The closure involves a small device that plugs the hole effectively preventive future possibility of stroke. Most patients are able to return home same day.

Cardiac catheterization is an invasive imaging procedure that is used to evaluate coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis), heart valve performance or disease of the aorta, evaluate heart muscle function. Results from a coronary angiogram help determine whether treatment with medicines, bypass surgery  or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), such as angioplasty, may be effective.

Balloon angioplasty is a procedure in which a small balloon at the tip of a catheter is inserted near the blocked or narrowed area of the coronary artery. In many cases, balloon angioplasty is performed in combination with the stenting procedure, which uses a small, metal mesh tube that acts as a scaffold to provide support inside the coronary artery. Once in place, the balloon is inflated and the stent expands to the size of the artery and holds it open. The balloon is deflated and removed, and the stent stays in place permanently.


A loop recorder is a small device implanted just under the skin of a patient’s chest to record the heart’s electrical activity. Our doctors can perform this procedure with patients under local anesthesia. The ILR (implantable loop recorder) has the ability to record the electrical activity of the heart either by responding when the heart rhythm drops below the expected range pre-programmed by the doctor, or when the patient activates a recording on their own.


A pacemaker is a device that sends small electrical impulses to the heart muscle to maintain a suitable heart rate or to stimulate the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles). A pacemaker may also be used to treat fainting spells (syncope), congestive heart failure, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.


Cardioversion is a procedure in which an electrical shock is delivered to the heart to convert an irregular or fast heart rhythm to a normal heart rhythm. During cardioversion, your doctor uses a cardioverter machine to send electrical energy to the heart muscle to restore the normal heart rhythm. The most common irregular heart rhythms that require cardioversion include atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter...


Pulmonary vein ablation is a treatment for atrial fibrillation, an abnormal heart rhythm that originates in the atria, the top chambers of the heart. In a pulmonary vein ablation procedure, energy is delivered through the tip of a catheter to tissue that is targeted for ablation. The energy is applied in a circle around the connection of the left upper and lower pulmonary veins to the left atrium...


An ICD (implantable cardioverter defibrillator) is an electronic device that constantly monitors your heart rhythm. When it detects a very fast, abnormal heart rhythm—such as those that occur with ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation—it delivers energy to the heart muscle. This causes the heart to beat in a normal rhythm again.


Remote monitoring allows us to serve more patients by remotely evaluating their heartbeats over time while they go about their usual daily activities. Types of monitors include Holter Monitors, a Looping Memory Monitor, and a Cardiac Event Recorder.


Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important new treatment for symptoms associated with congestive heart failure (CHF) caused by weakening of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy). Cardiomyopathy is most commonly caused by irreversible damage from coronary artery disease (such as by a heart attack), but may also be the result of genetic factors, viral infections, or toxins (such as alcohol). The symptoms of CHF typically include shortness of breath, swelling of the feet and legs, fatigue, exercise intolerance, diminished appetite, and depression.

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